【Vista之家译】十个提高Vista系统性能的公开秘密


2007年8月9日 编辑:Vista之家 - Vista123.com 人气: 评论:195

Vista之家译】十个提升Windows Vista性能的方法

Windows Vista中确实有一些新的安全和功能特性,超酷的视觉体验,诸如Aero玻璃特效,Flip 3D等等。但是所有这一切,你都要付出代价的,你的电脑的性能是有一个底线的,如果你觉得vista的性能较差,那么可以告诉你的好消息是,这里有一些步骤,你可以采取这些行动,让Windows Vista运行得更快。

1、添加更多的内存

不可否认的是,Windows Vista的确是个消耗内存的大户,Windows XP在512MB的内存配置下跑的飞快,但是轮到Vista,1G?还是2G吧,而且要把所有的图形特效全部打开的话,4G看来正合适。

幸好,内存现在是越来越便宜了,加内存,带来更快的速度和更多的体验,不会让人后悔花这个钱的。Vista之家备注:这个主意是有用,不过需要解决钱的问题。

2、使用Readyboost

什么?你的电脑已经不能再增加物理内存?恩,也许你有一个笔记本,并且已经安装了最多的内存。在这种情况下,Windows Vista为您提供了一种方法,就是Readyboost,让你的电脑通过使用一种新的闪存盘来扩张你的内存,速度,肯定要比硬盘上的虚拟内存快的多。参考:可不可以强行打开ReadyBoost?我新买的优盘不支持爆强!Vista用USB闪存当内存!

当你用支持Vista ReadyBoost的高速闪存来实现这个功能的时候,你自己是可以配置的被利用的内存大小的,因为你还可以流出闪存的其余部分可用于存放数据。

3、有一个好的显卡

Vista之家备注:老外真是,解决Windows Vista性能,竟然老让人花钱。

显卡和显卡内存,确实是个瓶颈问题,主板板载的显卡往往对Windows Vista的Aero玻璃特效支持的不好,好的高端显卡是必须的。而且,当你在Vista下面玩游戏的时候,发现显卡还要支持Directx 10 。

4、删除和屏蔽额外的启动项目

当你买来一台预装Vista的电脑,你会发现你有很多程序自动加载,从硬件供应商的驱动软件、杀毒软件或反间谍软件、输入法、即时通讯工具等等(甚至病毒和木马的启动项目),里面有很多都是你很少很少用到的。他们既占用内存,又拖慢你的开机速度,所以,去掉。用Vista优化大师也好,直接运行 Msconfig 也好,都可以去屏蔽他们,毕竟,这些软件都在后台默默的运行着,消耗着你的资源。

5、关掉视觉增强效果

Vista提供很多种视觉增强效果,窗口的动画效果,菜单阴影,平滑拖动窗口,菜单特效,鼠标指针等等,这一切都将消耗你的内存和CPU功耗,在系统属性里面可以关掉他们,让你的操作系统运行的更快。

6、调整索引选项

对比以前的操作系统,Vista对硬盘搜索进行了大大的改善,但它依赖于对硬盘文件和程序进行全部索引,以使他们能够尽快找到。当索引程序运行,将会影响和放慢其他应用程序的运行速度。对你有搜索需求的文件夹或者磁盘,你可以选择索引,没有用到的地方,就不去索引,这样,可以提高你电脑的整体性能,而不是把索引全部关掉。

7、磁盘清理和碎片整理

这是个老的Windows系统优化话题了,磁盘的碎片会让你的电脑运行减缓,Vista同样提供了磁盘清理工具,你可以从“开始 -》所有程序 -》附件件 -》系统工具”这儿找到它。指定一个驱动器,进行清理即可。

建议Vista中内置的磁盘碎片整理程序应该定期运行,以帮助优化你的系统的性能。用第三方提供的碎片整理工具软件也是可行的。

8、调整你的电源设置

如果你不介意多用电源话,你可以在控制面板的电源项目里面设置成使用最佳性能。你可以提高性能设置你的权力设置了高性能的选择。点击权力期权applet在控制面板,并选择选择。Vista的默认是“平衡”设置,限制了CPU在正常情况下,消耗不到50 %的电源。

9、关掉侧边栏

Sidebar,就是侧边栏,是Vista里面很酷的一个组件,但如果你不使用它的插件,你可以节省一些资源。如果要关闭它的话,在侧边栏上右键选择属性,在里面进行你要的配置即可。该去掉的去掉。

10、如果这一切还没提供性能,那么,关闭Aero

这是一个不得已的解决方案,毕竟,Windows Vista最吸引人的地方,就是Aero玻璃特效界面。

当然,如果你刻意追求更快的运行速度,那么,关掉它也没啥不可以。参开:强制开启Vista Aero玻璃效果!

关掉的方法:桌面空白处点击右键,选择个性化,然后点击窗口颜色和外观。现在,单击打开经典的外观特性,从下拉式列表框的外观选项卡,选择除了Aero的任何主题即可(如Windows vista经典界面)。当然,你也可以使用Vista优化大师进行强制的开启或者关闭。

Vista之家www.vista123.com)特别提供英文原文如下:

10 ways to increase Vista's performance

Windows Vista has some great new security and functionality features, as well as cool eye candy, such as Aero transparency, Flip 3D and other graphical tricks. But all this comes with overhead that may lead to a performance hit on anything less than a top-of-the-line computer. If you find Vista’s performance lagging, the good news is that you can make it run faster. Here are some of the steps you can take.

Windows Vista's 'eye candy' comes with an overhead that can cause a performance hit on inadequately specified computers.

1. Add more RAM
There’s no denying it: Vista is a RAM-hungry operating system. Whereas XP usually runs great on 512MB, you really need a minimum of 1GB to run Vista acceptably — 2GB is even better. And if you turn on all the graphical features and keep a lot of programs open (especially those that use a lot of memory), then 4GB isn’t overkill.

Luckily, RAM is still relatively inexpensive — but it’s rumoured to be on the rise, so get as much of it as you can, while you can. You won’t regret it.

2. Use ReadyBoost
Can’t add physical RAM? Maybe you have a notebook that already has the maximum amount of memory installed. In that case, Vista provides you with a way to fool your computer into thinking it has more RAM than it does. You can use a flash memory card or USB key as a cache, which Vista can access quicker than data stored on the hard disk.

ReadyBoost lets you use a USB stick such as this 2GB Kingston unit as a fast hard disk cache to speed up your Vista system. You can specify how much of the flash memory to dedicate to ReadyBoost and how much to reserve for data storage.

It’s best to use a high-performance flash card or USB drive for ReadyBoost. When you insert it, Windows will ask if you want to use it to speed up system performance, and then you can allocate how much of the card’s/drive’s memory you want to use for that purpose. The rest can be used for storing data.

3: Get a good video card
If you have enough RAM, the most likely hardware culprit on a slow-moving Vista machine is the video card. You need a fairly high-end card to run Aero at all, but some vendors are selling computers with graphics cards that run it badly. You can find out whether your video card is the bottleneck by checking your Windows Experience Index (WEI) score from the Performance Information and Tools applet in Control Panel.

Check Windows Experience Index — your graphics card might be holding back Vista's performance.

The onboard video adapters in most systems aren’t powerful enough to run Vista properly. If you want to run Aero and be happy doing it, get a card that’s Vista Premium Certified. As with system RAM, the more video RAM you have the better, and if you want to play Vista games, be sure your card supports DirectX 10.

4: Eliminate extra startup programs
You may find that you have a lot of programs loading automatically when you boot Windows, especially if you bought your Vista system from a hardware vendor who added lots of software. Some of these you may want, such as antivirus or anti-spyware programs, but many of them you probably don’t even use or use only occasionally and don’t want to run all the time. Yet they’re all loading into memory and consuming your system resources — and thus slowing down your computer as they run in the background.

Windows Defender's Software Explorer lets you manage many startup programs: the fewer are loaded into memory, the faster your Vista system will go.

Some programs can be prevented from starting automatically by removing them from the Startup folder. Others are configured in the registry to run at startup. Many can be managed through the Windows Defender Software Explorer, which you can access from the Manage Startup Programs link in the left pane of the Performance Information And Tools applet.

5: Turn off visual enhancements
There are a lot of visual enhancements that make Vista look like Vista, such as the animations when minimising and maximising windows, fading or sliding menus, shadows under the menus and mouse pointer, and thumbnails of graphics files instead of dull icons. However, all this bling consumes resources, and if performance is your priority, the operating system will run faster without them.

Cutting down on Vista's graphical goodies will boost its performance.

The Performance Options dialogue box can be accessed through the Adjust Visual Effects link in the left pane of the Performance Information And Tools applet. On the Visual Effects tab, you can customise these settings individually, turning off the ones you don’t want, to help speed performance. Or you can disable all of the visual effects by clicking the Adjust For Best Performance option.

6: Adjust indexing options
Vista has a much-improved search function, but it’s dependent on indexing the files and programs on your hard disk so they can be found quickly. When the indexing process is running, however, it can slightly slow down other programs you’re try ing to run at the same time.

You can select the locations you want to index; fewer locations will result in less indexing and thus better overall performance. On the other hand, you’ll get better search performance by indexing all locations. You can’t turn the indexing feature off completely, but you can adjust locations indexed by selecting Adjust Indexing Options in the left pane of the Performance Information And Tools applet.

7: Clean up and defrag the disk
Fragmented files or a lot of unneeded extra files on the disk can slow down performance. Vista provides a disk cleanup tool, which you can access from Start | All Programs | Accessories | System Tools. Specify a drive you want to clean up, and the tool will estimate the amount of space you can recover by running the cleanup process.

Vista's bundled Disk Defragmenter should be run regularly to help optimise your system's performance.

Defragmenting the disk rearranges data on it so that all the parts of a file are together; this allows Vista to access those files quicker. The built-in disk defragmenter is also accessed from the System Tools menu. The defragmentation process itself can slow down your computer, so you may want to schedule it to run at a time when you aren’t using the computer. Third-party defrag utilities are also available.

8: Adjust your power settings
If you don’t mind using more power, you can boost performance by setting your power settings to the High Performance option. Click the Power Options applet in Control Panel and select that choice. By default, this configuration is set to Balanced, which limits the CPU to 50 percent power during normal operation.

9: Turn off the sidebar
The sidebar is a cool feature of Vista, but if you don’t use its applets, you can save some resources by disabling it. First, right-click it and select Properties. Next, deselect the check box to start the sidebar when Windows starts. Then, close the sidebar by right-clicking it and selecting Close.

10: If all else fails, turn off Aero
This is a last-resort option for most Vista users — after all, Aero is what makes Vista look like Vista. But if you don’t care for all the eye candy and/or have a low-powered machine, and you still want the functionality advantages of the new OS (search, security, Explorer enhancements and so on), you can definitely speed things up by reverting to the non-transparent look.

The last resort: turn off Aero and get a less visually appealing, but faster, computer.

To do so, right-click the desktop and select Personalize, then click Windows Color And Appearance. Now, click Open Classic Appearance Properties For More Color Options. From the drop-down list box on the Appearance tab, select any theme except Aero (Windows Vista Basic, Windows Standard or Windows Classic).

 Vista之家www.vista123.com),Windows Vista爱好者之家,Windows Vista天地

      
Vista之家网友 (114.246.16.*) 于 2009-11-14 14:07:06 发表下列评论:   [删除]
看了以后,受益良多。非常感谢。我将继续关注你们。
Vista之家网友 (58.61.63.*) 于 2009-11-9 17:39:15 发表下列评论:   [删除]
我优化完 360卫士 开机显示20秒 你们的80秒 90秒 想等死人呀!
Vista之家网友 (113.76.105.*) 于 2009-11-5 10:00:11 发表下列评论:   [删除]
U版的运行速度最快,这是真的
Vista之家网友 (61.186.107.*) 于 2009-11-3 13:52:44 发表下列评论:   [删除]
我还以为什么高招呢!一点新意没有!鄙视!
Vista之家网友 (124.132.239.*) 于 2009-10-29 19:13:10 发表下列评论:   [删除]
 唉!都的花钱!好贵啊!我Viata系统,1G内存 好卡,开机53秒!玩3D网游卡死了
Vista之家网友 (222.137.136.*) 于 2009-10-29 9:40:36 发表下列评论:   [删除]
我的家庭基础版 开机只要23秒 但是真正软件能用 估计都1分钟了 想换WIN7试试 但是太贵啊
Vista之家网友 (60.181.84.*) 于 2009-10-27 22:24:30 发表下列评论:   [删除]
我的VISTA BASIC 开机都要两三分钟
Vista之家网友 (119.127.131.*) 于 2009-10-23 0:51:33 发表下列评论:   [删除]
VISTA系统安全性很高
Vista之家网友 (124.129.126.*) 于 2009-10-12 0:56:46 发表下列评论:   [删除]
开机关机 很慢  系统运行  老慢了   哪位高人 指点指点   谢谢
Vista之家网友 (114.84.179.*) 于 2009-10-9 21:55:13 发表下列评论:   [删除]
我家是Vista Business,自从打了SP2补丁以前开机80秒,关机90秒,现在开机只需40秒,关机要30秒.SP2补丁必须装
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